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требуется 550-650 символов с уникальностью выше 85 %. Обычные переводчики пишут с ошибками. Если у вас есть возможность, то не могли бы вы мне помочь правильно сформулировать такой текст и показать свою грамотность?) Текст- «На самом деле тот человек, у которого нет хобби, проживает жизнь не полноценно. Хобби- это увлечение, которое помогает человек поставить какой нибудь интерес к жизни. Например, мое хобби- это создание интернет сайтов, которым я занимаюсь в свободное от работы время. Я люблю помогать людям корректировать сайты и изменять саму структуру. Это очень интересно и отнимает не мало времени. Однако, благодаря такому хобби можно так же не плохо и зарабатывать, например, на фрилансе. Естественно, что у каждого человека должно быть свое хобби, которое ему по душе, ведь возможно именно оно и может стать символом и целью всей жизни! » Спасибо)
от Петрова. Английский ранее не изучала, поэтому не судите строго. стимул огромный! Никак не даются артикли, никакая информация из интернета не помогает разобраться, совсем не понимаю почему в некоторых случаях они ставятся, а в других нет. Начинаю проходить какие-то задания и обязательно допускаю ошибки. Объясните пожалуйста, как для ребенка, т.к. иногда получается, что в передаче проходят материал, а сами уроки из электронного приложения сложнее и как такового пояснения нет! Вот, например, несколько предложений: 1) это большая команда (this is a big team) 2) поиграю я в новую компьютерную игру? (will i play a new PC game?), 3)ты не смотрел скучный фильм (you did not watch boring film) 4) наш автобус не был медленным (our bus was not slow). Объясните на пальцах почему в первых 2 предложениях мы ставим неопределнный артикль «а», а в остальных нет… например: you did not watch a boring film; our the bus was not slow. и еще пожалуйста помогите разобраться со 2 предложением: если мы по- русски используем предлог «в» и говорим: в компьютерную игру, почему в английском мы не используем предлоги in, on, at.ну совсем тундра я. никак не разобраться, нет способностей к языкам.
people who work for them. The managers are the people who run the organization. Management is the art of getting things done through people. Today that means that managers work with employees rather than just direct them. The new managerial style is more informal and people are more likely to work in teams. Management is attractive to people, because it symbolizes authority, money and prestige. There are various definitions of management as the process used to achieve organizational goals with the help of planning, organizing, directing, controlling people and organizational resources: 1) management means to delegate, empower and allow the decision-making process to go through the organization from top to bottom and bottom to top; 2) management is carrying out of the vision; 3) management means managing or being managed; 4) management is people engaged in management. Management has four functions and is considered as a process of planning, organizing, motivating and controlling, which are required for formation and achievement of organizational goals and objectives.
risky tell about other winter sports advise to start with joining a gym tell about your latest visit to the skating rink. Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates or addresses.
английского от Петрова. Английский ранее не изучала, поэтому не судите строго. стимул огромный! Никак не даются артикли, никакая информация из интернета не помогает разобраться, совсем не понимаю почему в некоторых случаях они ставятся, а в других нет. Начинаю проходить какие-то задания и обязательно допускаю ошибки. Объясните пожалуйста, как для ребенка, т.к. иногда получается, что в передаче проходят материал, а сами уроки из электронного приложения сложнее и как такового пояснения нет! Вот, например, несколько предложений: 1) это большая команда (this is a big team) 2) поиграю я в новую компьютерную игру? (will i play a new PC game?), 3)ты не смотрел скучный фильм (you did not watch boring film) 4) наш автобус не был медленным (our bus was not slow). Объясните на пальцах почему в первых 2 предложениях мы ставим неопределнный артикль «а», а в остальных нет… например: you did not watch a boring film; our the bus was not slow. и еще пожалуйста помогите разобраться со 2 предложением: если мы по- русски используем предлог «в» и говорим: в компьютерную игру, почему в английском мы не используем предлоги in, on, at.ну совсем тундра я. никак не разобраться, нет способностей к языкам.
The car business has a serious problem: it is producing too many cars. This over- capacity is resulting in fierce competition. Each manufacturer is competing in every segment of the market, with a huge range of models to attract different consumers. And models are frequently updated to keep interest fresh. This is making the business complex and expensive. So how can companies cut costs and increase their profit margins? To offer so many different models, car companies need factories that are completely flexible. They need to switch quickly from making one model to another to meet changing demands. Honda was first to do this, organizing its factories so that any one of them could make any model of car. They can switch to a new model overnight, simply by changing the software in the robots. Delivery is another issue that affects margins. For years, companies have tried to cut the time between a customer placing an order for a car and taking delivery.Manufacturers now operate a just-in-time production system. The components for each car arrive at precisely the right moment then they are needed for assembly line. Such production methods have cut the cost of holding components in stock, and have resulted high productivity. Most makers are now able to assemble a car in just 18-20 man hours. But once the car is finished, it usually stays in a distribution centre for 40-80 days. A shorter order-to-delivery cycle would lower the costs of holding stocks of finished cars. Moreover, most of these vehicles need to be discounted to get people to by them. With big discounts on sale price, there is no guarantee of profits even then the factories are busy. The magic answer to all this could be «build to order» (BTO). Instead of following the sales department’s forecasts, cars could be quickly assembled to the customer’s orders. Nissan has calculated they could increase profit by as much as $3,600 a vehicle in this they. But some people in the industry predict that the shape of car manufacturing will change even more radically. One view is that today’s manufacturers will disappear. In their place will be vehicle brand owners (or VBOs). They will do only the designing, engineering and marketing vehicles. Everything else, including even final assembly, will be done by the parts suppliers. The future of the car industry is kit cars. Or make that cars designed and built using elements of common kit architecture. Currently, there are two families of erector kits which can be assembled into all kinds of cars at Volkswagen. They have Teutonic names like «Modularer Querbaukasten» (MQB) and «Modularer Längsbaukasten» (MLB). Porsche is developing a «MMB» (Modularer Mittelbaukasten) for Mittelmotor (mid-engined) cars, or possibly a MSB (Modularer Standardbaukasten), which could be the Mutter of all Baukasten. Audi is already working with the MLB architecture. This coming year, Volkswagen will start using the MQB. Says Automobilwoche: «The Modulare Querbaukasten will provide at least 43 models of Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda and Seat with the same components: Underbody, axles, drivetrains. Europe’s largest automaker wants to become more flexibl, wants to react faster to changing customer demands and wants to save 30 percent of costs. Michael Macht, chief of production, calls it a ‘milestone’». Success and failure of a car company will be decided in the emerging markets. This is where the growth is. But this is also where a lot of small cars change hands andthe smaller the car, the bigger the need for creative cost control. VW chief Martin Winterkorn said: «In the car business, staying power is built on a better cost structure». The new kit architecture «is more than a new technology, it is a strategic weapon», said Ulrich Hackenberg, chief of Volkswagen’s Research and Development. It also allows to build niche cars and to react to regional differences without reinventing the wheels. Audi alone will increase its model count from 38 today to 50 by 2020. A new production engineering is inherent to the kit architecture. Volkswagen plants worldwide are being currently changed to accommodate the kit, and to become nodes in a larger production kit architecture. If people think of badge engineering, then they are misguided, says Hackenberg: «The creativity of engineers and designers of the different brands remains unencumbered. In the contrary. It is more welcome and more demanded than ever before». Such changes to the way the industry organized may be necessary if companies are to survive.
for meetings, most ignore emails and three out of four use bad language. In a survey of 1000 workers, two-thirds say that pressure of work is the reason for their bad manners. Other common examples of bad office etiquette include ignoring colleagues and answering mobile phone calls during meetings. Using mobile phones in meetings is impolite and distracts others, research by the University of Surrey shows. If you respond to a call when speaking to somebody, it means than the person, the survey said. If you answer a call during a meeting, it could mean that you think the meetings is not important. Mr Jacobs, managing director of Office Angels, a recruitment firm, says it is easy for people to forget their manners in the working environment, which is often very informal and very busy. Workers can forget proper etiquette such as introducing people at meetings, and this is often bad for working relationships.Psychologist Dr Colin Gill believes that people are not as polite as they were twenty years ago. He said: «Courtesy is no longer something that is so much respected in our society». People think it is «stuffy to be polite or formal». Now some organisations are actually investing money in training their junior managers to be polite. Office Angels is encouraging people to arrive on time for meetings, turn off mobile phones and avoid bad language. «Avoiding bad manners at work is such a simple thing to do», Mr Jacobs says, «and it can have a dramatic impact on improving your working environment and your relationships with others». Bad manners are bad for business The study also asked HR departments to allocate a percentage value for best, consistent, inconsistent and poor performers within their organisations. Those organisations with a high incidence of reported incivility had a high percentage of poor and inconsistent performers. "We know that this type of behaviour impacts people’s emotional wellbeing and physical health, but this is the first research to show that it affects the extent that they will promote their organisation and work hard to contribute to its success". Tips for dealing with bad mannered co-workers. 1. Do not reciprocate the behaviour. Reacting with similar actions can quickly spiral into increasingly aggressive behaviours. 2. If circumstances permit, set up a discussion with the person and tell them that you find their behaviour offensive. 3. Understand your organisations policies and procedures. If the situation worsens, you can then report the offensive behaviour in an official manner. 4. If you are stressed and upset by the behaviours, talk to a psychologist or make use of confidential employee assistance programs. Сourtesy, respect and manners are essential for success in the workplace. In times of economic crisis, this is an indispensable requirement for obtaining and maintaining employment. Its time for a return to common courtesy and polite speech; time for the reappearance of "good morning", "how are you?", "please" and "thank you". Modern tendencies towards friendlier business relationships, as well as increased openness, and warmth in relationships in general are fine and good, but these new tendencies shouldn’t supersede, but rather should accompany traditions of courtesy and good manners in all interactions be they at work or at home.

I. Choose the word or phrase which completes each sentence best.

1.Good teachers are always _____________great demand

a) orb) inc) of

2.There has been a sharp increase in the number of claims _____________ industrial injury compensation.

a) aboutb) ofc) for

3. Can we begin by discussing matters _____________from the last meeting?

a) arisingb) risingc) raising

4. The theory seems vulnerable _____________ criticism.

a) forb) toc) on

5. One of the ways to _____________the movement of people in and out of a country is by regular_____________.

a) monitor; controllingb) control; checkingc) check; controlling

6.The campaign is designed to increase public awareness _____________the issue.

a) inb) aboutc) of

7.The price of oil went up_____________$2 a barrel.

a) inb) onc) by

8.Sales went up rapidly five years ago and the decreased sharply; they ___________ stable ever since.

a) are remainingb) remainc) have remained

9.The company has a _____________organizational structure.

a) sophisticatedb) complicatedс) complex

10. Though it is part of marketing _____________has no direct involvement in selling.

a) promotionb) public relationsc) advertising

11.I've heard Franz didn't take that job. If I ______________ him, I ____________.

a) had been; would have takenb)were; would have takenc) were; would take

12. She was told by the sales assistant that she could not have a___________ without a receipt.

a) rebateb) discountc) refund

13. Despite steady increases in sales their net profit ___________between 1992 -1995.

a) have been fallingb) fellc) had fallen

14.I'm a private investigator, but there are plenty of ways to________what I do, such as calling myself a «security

consultant».

a) distortb) confusec) disguise

15. __________they are with an adult, children are not allowed to use the swimming pool.

a) Providedb) Unlessc) As long as

16.Some difficulties ___________with the new computers.

a) have arisenb) have risenc) have raised

17.The government has been faced with a number of___________ recently.a) crisisb)crisesc) crisises

18.Surely it would be ___________to get a second opinion.

a) sensualb) sensitivec) sensible

19.There was an advertisement ___________a free day of skiing in Vermont.

a) ofb) forc) with

20.We didn't expect to get such a sympathetic response ___________our appeal for help.

a) tob) atc) for

2. Writing

Write an email based on the following brief. Write about 50–60 words.

You have just finished a two-month summer placement with an international company. You would like to thank your line manager, Julie Johns, for all her help and support and let her line manager know she did a good job.

Write an email to Julie Johns:

·Thank her for the opportunity to work with the company

·Thank her for all her support during your placement

·Identify one occasion where she really helped you

·Say what you learned

than diesel engines. That makes them cheaper, and that is why most cars and motorbikes use petrol engines. On the other hand, diesel engines use less fuel and last longer than petrol engines. They are also safer and less dangerous. They are widely used in large vehicles such as trucks and trains. б) Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной или пассивной формой глагола по смыслу и переведите предложения на русский язык: 1. The engine (cooled, is cooled) by water from the radiator. 2. Most cars (use, are used) petrol engines. 3. The electricity (stored, is stored) in the battery. в) Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на инфинитивные обороты: 1. Rudolf Diesel is known to be the inventor of the diesel engine. 2. We expect them to buy a new car. 3. This motor car is considered to be safe. г) Составьте три специальных и три общих вопроса к тексту. д) Выпишите из текста все прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степени и переведите их на русский язык.
Шарики разложены по коробкам так, что в каждой коробке находится ровно один шар. Запись (n1, n2, ...., nN) означает, что в коробке с номером 1 лежит шарик с номером n1, в коробке с номером 2 лежит шарик с номером n2 и т.д. Например, (1, 3, 2) означает, что имеется 3 коробки и в коробке с номером 1 лежит шар с номером 1, в коробке с номером 2 лежит шар с номером 3, а в коробке с номером 3 лежит шар с номером 2. Разложение шаров по коробкам вида (1, 2, 3,...., N) называется правильным. За один ход разрешается поменять местами два любых шара. Изучите следующие вопросы: 1.1. Возможно ли за несколько ходов из разложения (4, 3, 5, 1, 2) получить правильное разложение? 1.2. Опишите все возможные разложения, которые можно получить из разложения (4, 3, 5, 1, 2). 1.3. Любое ли разложение шаров по 5 коробкам можно за несколько ходов сделать правильным? 1.4. Верно ли что из любого разложения шаров по 5 коробкам можно получить любое другое разложение? 1.5. Возможно ли за 40 ходов из набора (5, 3, 1, 4, 2) получить набор a) (3, 4, 5, 1, 2); б) (2, 1, 5, 3, 4)? 1.6. Попробуйте оценить количество различных ходов, которое потребуется, чтобы произвольное разложение (a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) шаров по 5 коробкам сделать правильным, если это возможно (ответ должен зависеть от расположения переменных ak). Единственна ли последовательность различных ходов, с помощью которой некоторое фиксированное разложение шаров по 5 коробкам можно сделать правильным? 1.7. Попробуйте оценить количество различных ходов, необходимое для того, чтобы произвольное разложение (a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) шаров по 5 коробкам сделать разложением вида a) (5, 4, 3, 2, 1); б) (5, 1, 4, 2, 3). 1.8. Попробуйте описать множество различных разложений шаров по 5 коробкам, которое можно получить из некоторого фиксированного разложения (a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) за a) три хода; б) четыре хода; в) k ходов. 2. Рассмотрите аналогичные вопросы для произвольного числа коробок N. 3. Пусть теперь в условиях пункта 1 за один ход разрешается сделать следующее: в произвольном порядке выбрать три коробки и переложить содержимое первой выбранной коробки во вторую, второй выбранной коробки в третью, а третьей выбранной коробки в первую. Рассмотрите вопросы пунктов 1 и 2 в этом случае. 4. Пусть в условиях пункта 1 за один ход разрешается сделать следующее: в произвольном порядке выбрать m коробок с номерами i1, i2, ..., im и переложить содержимое коробки с номером i1 в коробку с номером i2, коробки с номером i2 в коробку с номером i3, ..., коробки с номером im в коробку с номером i1. Назовем такую операцию произвольным циклическим сдвигом m коробок. Рассмотрите вопросы пунктов 1 и 2 в этом случае. 5. Рассмотрите случай, когда в условиях пункта 4 номера выбранных коробок i1, i2, ..., im должны быть упорядочены a) по возрастанию (назовем такую операцию прямым циклическим сдвигом m коробок); б) по убыванию (назовем такую операцию обратным циклическим сдвигом m коробок). 6. Пусть дан некоторый набор различных натуральных чисел M = {m1, m2,…, mk}, 1 ≤ mi ≤ N. За один ход разрешается выбрать одно из чисел mi и совершить a) произвольный циклический сдвиг mi коробок; b) прямой циклический сдвиг mi коробок; с) обратный циклический сдвиг mi коробок. Рассмотрите вопросы пунктов 1 и 2 для произвольного набора чисел M или хотя бы для некоторых наборов: 6.1. M = {2, 3}; 6.2. M состоит из всех четных натуральных чисел, не превосходящих N; 6.3. M состоит из всех нечетных натуральных чисел, не превосходящих N; 6.4. M состоит из всех натуральных чисел, делящихся на 3 и не превосходящих N; 6.5. M состоит из всех натуральных чисел, делящихся на t и не превосходящих N; 7. Предложите и рассмотрите различные обобщения этой задачи.
Нашла список школ в Москве больше всего приглянулся skyeng и englishfirst, подскажите что выбрать? может есть еще лучше курсы, ну вроде здесь весь список самых популярных школ englishchoice.ru/ Что лучше, кто занимался в этих школа? Спасибо всем ответившим
owned by car companies. The car business has a serious problem: it is producing too many cars. This over- capacity is resulting in fierce competition. Each manufacturer is competing in every segment of the market, with a huge range of models to attract different consumers. And models are frequently updated to keep interest fresh. This is making the business complex and expensive. So how can companies cut costs and increase their profit margins? To offer so many different models, car companies need factories that are completely flexible. They need to switch quickly from making one model to another to meet changing demands. Honda was first to do this, organizing its factories so that any one of them could make any model of car. They can switch to a new model overnight, simply by changing the software in the robots. Delivery is another issue that affects margins. For years, companies have tried to cut the time between a customer placing an order for a car and taking delivery.Manufacturers now operate a just-in-time production system. The components for each car arrive at precisely the right moment then they are needed for assembly line. Such production methods have cut the cost of holding components in stock, and have resulted high productivity. Most makers are now able to assemble a car in just 18-20 man hours. But once the car is finished, it usually stays in a distribution centre for 40-80 days. A shorter order-to-delivery cycle would lower the costs of holding stocks of finished cars. Moreover, most of these vehicles need to be discounted to get people to by them. With big discounts on sale price, there is no guarantee of profits even then the factories are busy. The magic answer to all this could be «build to order» (BTO). Instead of following the sales department’s forecasts, cars could be quickly assembled to the customer’s orders. Nissan has calculated they could increase profit by as much as $3,600 a vehicle in this they. But some people in the industry predict that the shape of car manufacturing will change even more radically. One view is that today’s manufacturers will disappear. In their place will be vehicle brand owners (or VBOs). They will do only the designing, engineering and marketing vehicles. Everything else, including even final assembly, will be done by the parts suppliers. The future of the car industry is kit cars. Or make that cars designed and built using elements of common kit architecture. Currently, there are two families of erector kits which can be assembled into all kinds of cars at Volkswagen. They have Teutonic names like «Modularer Querbaukasten» (MQB) and «Modularer Längsbaukasten» (MLB). Porsche is developing a «MMB» (Modularer Mittelbaukasten) for Mittelmotor (mid-engined) cars, or possibly a MSB (Modularer Standardbaukasten), which could be the Mutter of all Baukasten. Audi is already working with the MLB architecture. This coming year, Volkswagen will start using the MQB. Says Automobilwoche: «The Modulare Querbaukasten will provide at least 43 models of Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda and Seat with the same components: Underbody, axles, drivetrains. Europe’s largest automaker wants to become more flexibl, wants to react faster to changing customer demands and wants to save 30 percent of costs. Michael Macht, chief of production, calls it a ‘milestone’». Success and failure of a car company will be decided in the emerging markets. This is where the growth is. But this is also where a lot of small cars change hands andthe smaller the car, the bigger the need for creative cost control. VW chief Martin Winterkorn said: «In the car business, staying power is built on a better cost structure». The new kit architecture «is more than a new technology, it is a strategic weapon», said Ulrich Hackenberg, chief of Volkswagen’s Research and Development. It also allows to build niche cars and to react to regional differences without reinventing the wheels. Audi alone will increase its model count from 38 today to 50 by 2020. A new production engineering is inherent to the kit architecture. Volkswagen plants worldwide are being currently changed to accommodate the kit, and to become nodes in a larger production kit architecture. If people think of badge engineering, then they are misguided, says Hackenberg: «The creativity of engineers and designers of the different brands remains unencumbered. In the contrary. It is more welcome and more demanded than ever before». Such changes to the way the industry organized may be necessary if companies are to survive.
Food prices have been_____steadily for at least twenty yeasr. a) rising; b) raising; c) lifting; d) growing. 3. When the meeting had finished, they went_____the plan once again. a) up; b) on; c) over, d) down. 4. He never stops criticizing me. He's a real ___in the neck. a) ache; b) pain; c) hurt; d) itch. 5. If no one_____to the plan, we will start next week. a) minds; b) avoids; c) objects; d) argues. 6. Paulo is the head_____at the Buckingham hotel. He is famous for his fish recipes. a) cooker; b) chief; c) waiter; d)chef. 7. I shouldn't have drunk so much coffee last night. I was_____awake till 4 o'clock in the morning. a) full; b) wide; c) well; d) too. 8. Some people deny the connection_____ill health. a) of smoking and; c) of smoking to; b) between smoking and; d) of smoking with. 9. It doesn't_____to me how long you stay.There's plenty of room. a) worry; b) disturb; c) matter; d) bother. 10. Please____ to make sure that there is petrol in the car. a) check; b) control; c) oversee; d) examine.