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1 One million tons of gum is chewed every year.
2 Chewing gum was invented in Sweden.
3 Chewing gum was found in the mouth of a nine thousand-year-old skeleton.
4 The first gum was made of tree sap and sugar
5 Babies are born wanting to chew gum
6 The ancient Greeks believed chewing gum was good for health.
7 South American Indians made the first packets of chewing gum.
8 Chewing gum was taken to North America by the English.


P Today on Worldly Wise, the world’s most common habit …. Yes, chewing gum. We chew 100,000 tons of it every year but how many of us actually know what it’s made of?
I Excuse me, I see you’re chewing gum …
A Yeah.
I Do you have any idea what it’s made of?
A Nah—no idea. Never thought about it.
I Do you have any idea what chewing gum is made of?
B … Uhh, no, not a clue.Rubber maybe?
I And do you have any idea who invented it?
A I don’t know!
B Me either!
I An American?
B Yeah—sure—I guess it was invented by an American, yeah.
P Well, it wasn’t! Believe it or not, it wasn’t an American who invented chewing gum. It was invented in Sweden. In Sweden?! I hear you say. But listen to Leanne Ward, a chewing gum expert.
LW The history of chewing goes back thousands of years. In Sweden in 1993, the skeleton of a teenager was found—he was 9,000 years old. And in his mouth was a gum made of tree sap and sweetened with honey—the first known chewing gum.
P It seems we’ve always chewed things with no real food value. Babies are born wanting to chew. Everything goes straight into their mouths. So why do we chew? Here’s Leanne again.
LW We chew to clean our teeth and freshen our breath but also because we just like chewing. The ancient Greeks chewed a gum called mastica, which is a type of tree sap. They thought it was good for their health and women really enjoyed chewing it as a way to sweeten their breath. Then in the first century AD we know that the Mayan Indians in Central America liked to chew a tree sap, called chiclay. They wrapped it in leaves and put it in their mouths so this was, if you like, the first pack of chewing gum. The American Indians also chewed tree sap—they gave it to the English settlers when they arrived, but it wasn’t until a few hundred years later, that it became really popular in America.

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1 True (верно)
2 True
3 True
4 False (неверно)
5 False
6 True
7 False
8 True
18.03.15
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