Underline the verbs and define their Tense and Voice.

When a person commits a crime, society, acting through the police and prosecutors, attempts to identify, arrest, prosecute, prove and punish him.

Criminal law commonly proscribes that there are several categories of offences: offences against the person, against property, public-order crimes and business, or corporate, crimes. Some crimes, however, are found more frequently in the business than elsewhere. Business firms are frequently the victims of crimes, such as robbery, burglary, shoplifting, employee pilferage, passing bad checks, vandalism, receiving stolen property, and embezzlement. Because such criminals are generally well-educated, respected members of the community, the offenses are called white-collar crimes. Normally no physical violence is involved in crimes of this nature.

We can distinguish between felonies (more serious offences, such as rape) and misdemeanors (less serious offences, such as petty theft). A lesser misdemeanor is known as infraction, theyare parking overtime on metered parking, falling to clear snow from sidewalks, and littering.

Depending on the offence and the jurisdiction, various punishments are available to the courts to punish an offender. A court may sentence an offender to execution, corporal punishment or loss of liberty (imprisonment or incarceration); suspend the sentence; impose a fine; put the offender under government supervision through parole or probation; or place them on a community service order.

Punishment may take the form of fine, imprisonment, or probation under the supervision of a probation office. In Britain the death penalty was suspended in 1965 and abolished in 1969 except for treason. The wrongful conviction of innocent people discredits the finality of hanging.

Imprisonment is used more in Britain than elsewhere in Europe. There about 99 imprisoned per 100,000 of the population. The issue over imprisonment is broadly debated. If a person is convicted of murder, the sentence will be many years in prison.

For crimes that are not serious (often called minor offences), the punishment is usually a fine. A felony is punishable by death or confinement for more than one year in prison. A misdemeanor is usually punishable by confinement in a jail for less than one year,by fine, or by both confinement and fine. Ordinarily, no jury is allowed in cases involving infractions because the punishment is no more than a fine.

Вопрос закрыт

Александр

от 0 p.
Сейчас на сайте
Читать ответы

Елена Васильевна

от 80 p.
Сейчас на сайте
Читать ответы

Андрей Андреевич

от 70 p.
Читать ответы
Посмотреть всех экспертов из раздела Учеба и наука
Пользуйтесь нашим приложением Доступно на Google Play Загрузите в App Store